The Liberal government is boosting the base number of immigrants allowed into Canada next year to 300,000, to help drive economic growth as the country grapples with an aging demographic.
The previous target from 2011 to 2015 was 260,000, but that swelled to 300,000 this year because of what McCallum called the "special circumstances" of the Syrian refugee crisis. That number will now be the permanent base.
The government's economic growth council had recommended raising immigration levels to 450,000 over the next five years, but McCallum rejected that target today.
There has been much debate over the targeted immigration level at a time when Canada struggles with high unemployment.
There have also been questions about Canada's ability to smoothly integrate newcomers into communities.
The 2017 targets boost entries for those in the "economic" class — skilled workers, businesspeople and caregivers — to 172,500 from 160,600. In the family class, the number of sponsored spouses, partners, children, parents and grandparents will climb to 84,000 from 80,000.
The government recently committed to bringing in persecuted Yazidi refugees fleeing ISIS genocide, and McCallum said they would be accommodated in the numbers unveiled today.
McCallum said other measures will be announced at a later date to streamline the process for economic applicants and to improve the process for permanent residency for international students. He said the students are among the best candidates to become Canadians, yet they have been "shortchanged" by the system in the past.
Kevin Lamoureux, the parliamentary secretary to the government House leader, said immigrants not only fill jobs that would otherwise remain vacant and help to develop provincial economies, but they also contribute to the character and social fabric of communities.
If it weren't for immigration, population of his province of Manitoba would have declined in the last decade.
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